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Inganda zikora imiti ku isi

Inganda zikora imiti nisi ningingo zingirakamaro mubukungu bwisi yose hamwe numuyoboro utanga isoko.Gukora imiti bikubiyemo guhindura ibikoresho bibisi nkibicanwa bya fosile, amazi, amabuye y'agaciro, ibyuma, nibindi, mubicuruzwa ibihumbi icumi bitandukanye mubuzima bwiki gihe nkuko tubizi.Muri 2019, amafaranga yinjira mu nganda z’imiti ku isi agera kuri tiriyari enye z'amadorari y'Abanyamerika.

Inganda zikora imiti ni nini nka mbere

Hariho ibicuruzwa byinshi bitandukanye byashyizwe mubikorwa nkibikoresho bya shimi, bishobora gushyirwa mubice bikurikira: imiti yibanze, imiti, imiti, imiti yubuhinzi, nibicuruzwa byabaguzi.Ibicuruzwa nkibisigazwa bya pulasitiki, peteroli, hamwe na reberi yubukorikori bishyirwa mubice byibanze byimiti, kandi ibicuruzwa nkibifatika, kashe, hamwe nudusanduku biri mubicuruzwa biri mubice byihariye bya chimique.

Isosiyete ikora imiti n’ubucuruzi ku isi: Uburayi buracyatanga uruhare runini

Ubucuruzi bwisi yose yimiti irakora kandi iragoye.Muri 2020, agaciro k’ibicuruzwa bitumizwa mu mahanga ku isi byageze kuri tiriyoni 1.86 z'amayero, ni ukuvuga miliyoni 2.15 z'amadolari y'Amerika.Hagati aho, imiti yoherezwa mu mahanga ingana na tiriyoni 1.78 z'amayero muri uwo mwaka.Uburayi bwari bufite agaciro gakomeye k’ibicuruzwa biva mu mahanga n’ibicuruzwa byoherezwa mu mahanga guhera mu 2020, Aziya-Pasifika ikaza ku mwanya wa kabiri ku rutonde rwombi.

Amasosiyete atanu akomeye y’imiti ku isi ashingiye ku kwinjiza guhera mu 2021 ni BASF, Dow, Mitsubishi Chemical Holdings, LG Chem, na LyondellBasell Industries.Isosiyete yo mu Budage BASF yinjije miliyoni zisaga 59 z'amayero muri 2020. Benshi mu masosiyete akomeye y’imiti ku isi yashinzwe igihe kinini.Urugero, BASF yashinzwe i Mannheim, mu Budage mu 1865. Muri ubwo buryo, Dow yashinzwe i Midland, muri Leta ya Michigan, mu 1897.

Imiti ikoreshwa: Aziya niyo itera imbere

Imiti ikoreshwa n’imiti ku isi mu 2020 yinjije miliyoni zisaga 3.53 z'amayero, ni ukuvuga miliyoni 4.09 z'amadolari y'Amerika.Muri rusange, imiti ikoreshwa mukarere iteganijwe kwiyongera cyane muri Aziya mumyaka iri imbere.Aziya igira uruhare runini ku isoko ry’imiti ku isi, ikaba ifite imigabane irenga 58 ku ijana by’isoko mu 2020, ariko Ubushinwa bwonyine ni bwo bufite uruhare runini mu kwiyongera kwa Aziya kwiyongera mu mahanga no gukoresha imiti.Muri 2020, imiti ikoreshwa mu Bushinwa igera kuri tiriyoni 1.59 z'amayero.Agaciro kari hafi inshuro enye kunywa imiti muri Amerika muri uwo mwaka.

Nubwo umusaruro w’imiti n’ibikoreshwa ari uruhare runini mu gutanga akazi ku isi, ubucuruzi, no kuzamuka mu bukungu, hagomba no gusuzumwa ingaruka z’inganda ku bidukikije no ku buzima bw’abantu.Guverinoma nyinshi ku isi zashyizeho umurongo ngenderwaho cyangwa inteko ishinga amategeko kugira ngo hamenyekane uburyo bwo gucunga no kubika imiti yangiza.Gahunda yo gucunga imiti namasezerano mpuzamahanga ninzego nabyo birahari kugirango bicunge neza ubwiyongere bwimiti ikura kwisi yose.


Igihe cyo kohereza: Ugushyingo-18-2021