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Inganda zikora imiti mu Bushinwa

Byanditswe na Lucía Fernández

Ibice byubucuruzi bifitanye isano rya bugufi ninganda zikora imiti, uhereye mubuhinzi, gukora imodoka, gutunganya ibyuma, hamwe n’imyenda, kugeza kubyara amashanyarazi.Muguha inganda ibikoresho fatizo bikenewe kugirango habeho ibicuruzwa bikoreshwa mubice bitandukanye byubuzima bwa buri munsi, inganda zimiti ningirakamaro muri societe igezweho.Kw'isi yose, inganda zikora imiti zinjiza hafi miliyari enye z'amadolari ya Amerika buri mwaka.Hafi ya 41 ku ijana by'ayo mafaranga yavuye mu Bushinwa honyine guhera mu mwaka wa 2019. Ntabwo Ubushinwa bwinjiza amafaranga menshi mu nganda zikora imiti ku isi, ahubwo ni n’umuyobozi mu byoherezwa mu mahanga mu mahanga, buri mwaka bikaba bifite agaciro ka miliyari zisaga 70 z'Amerika amadolari.Muri icyo gihe, Ubushinwa bwakoresheje imiti y’imbere mu gihugu ingana na tiriyari 1.54 z'amayero (ni ukuvuga tiriyoni 1.7 z'amadolari y'Amerika) guhera mu 2019.

Ubucuruzi bw’imiti mu Bushinwa

Hamwe na miliyari zisaga 314 z'amadolari y’Amerika yinjiza yose hamwe n’abantu barenga 710.000 bakoreshwa, uruganda rukora imiti n’ibinyabuzima ni igice cy’inganda z’imiti mu Bushinwa.Imiti mvaruganda nayo nicyiciro kinini cy’Ubushinwa cyohereza ibicuruzwa hanze, bingana na 75% by’ibicuruzwa byoherezwa mu Bushinwa bishingiye ku gaciro.Ahantu hambere h’ibicuruzwa byoherezwa mu Bushinwa guhera muri 2019 ni Amerika n'Ubuhinde, mu gihe ibindi bihugu byari byiganjemo ibihugu bikiri mu nzira y'amajyambere.Ku rundi ruhande, abatumiza mu mahanga imiti myinshi mu Bushinwa ni Ubuyapani na Koreya y'Epfo, buri wese yatumizaga imiti irenga miriyari 20 z'amadolari y'Abanyamerika mu mwaka wa 2019, agakurikirwa na Amerika n'Ubudage.Ibicuruzwa biva mu mahanga biva mu Bushinwa ndetse n’ibicuruzwa biva mu mahanga mu Bushinwa byariyongereye cyane mu myaka yashize, nyamara, agaciro k’ibitumizwa mu mahanga kari hejuru gato ugereranije n’ibyoherezwa mu mahanga, bigatuma ibicuruzwa biva mu mahanga bigera kuri miliyari 24 z'amadolari mu Bushinwa guhera mu 2019 .

Ubushinwa buyobora inganda zikora imiti COVID-19

Muri 2020, inganda z’imiti ku isi zafashe runini bitewe n’icyorezo cya COVID-19 ku isi, kimwe n’izindi nganda.Bitewe n’imihindagurikire y’imigenzo y’abaguzi no guhagarika urunigi rw’ibicuruzwa, amasosiyete menshi y’imiti ku isi yatangaje ko nta terambere ryigeze ryiyongera cyangwa se n’imibare ibiri yagabanutse ku mwaka ku mwaka, kandi na bagenzi babo bo mu Bushinwa na bo ntibari bahari.Nyamara, mugihe ibyo kurya bigenda byihuta hamwe no gukira COVID-19 kwisi yose, biteganijwe ko Ubushinwa buzazamura iterambere ryinganda zikora imiti, nka mbere nkahantu ho gukorera isi.

 


Igihe cyo kohereza: Ugushyingo-18-2021